The History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict


Some areas of the Middle East are heavily disputed between countries. But, most of all is Israel and Palestine. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has existed for about 100 years. It all began when the Ottoman Empire dissolved after World War I, the Ottoman Empire was split between the British and the French.

 The British controlled what is now Iraq, Kuwait, Israel/Palestine, and other countries in what was known as the British Mandate. At the time many Jewish people in Europe were wanting a homeland after several hundred years of persecution. The Arabs living in the Palestinian part of the British Mandate also wanted to become their own county. Large groups of Jewish people started moving to Palestine and the British let them, but after a while, the British stopped letting more Jewish people settle. Afterward, the Jewish and Arab people in the region started to fight for control of the region. 

After World War II the Jewish people were seeking a homeland and the United Nations allowed them to have a part of Palestine. The other neighbors of Israel didn’t like that there was a non-Arab nation near them and attacked them in the First Arab-Israeli War in 1948. Israel won, so they took control of the majority of the proposed Arab states of Palestine. Occupying most of the West Bank. Soon, many Israeli-Jewish people started to settle in the newly captured parts of Palestine, most settled because the land was cheaper and some because they wanted to claim the land for Israel in the name of Abraham their faith. Soon, Riots broke out and more tensions started to form.

This caused more violence in the newly occupied Palestinian regions, so the Israeli police started to crack down on the Palestinians living in the newly occupied parts of Palestine. This led to a later event called the First Intifada (1987-1993) which translates from Arabic to English to the “First Uprising”. This refers to the uprising the Palestinians started against the Israeli government. The Israeli government responded to the First Intifada with brutal force, which led to Israel sending in the National Guard to take down the rebellion. This led to the Oslo Accords in 1993, which started the Palestinian Authority. This gave the Palestinians have the Palestinians more self-governing in the occupied province of the West Bank. Now more subtle approaches started to take place between the two sides.

 Peace talks later calmed down the crisis, but then in 1967, the Six-Day War began. The conflict started because of an argument over the Israeli ships passing through the Suez Canal which Egypt controlled. Despite the Israeli military being outnumbered. Israel managed to capture Sinai from Egypt, Golan Heights from Syria, and West Bank from Jordan. Later, the Camp David Accords were arranged by American President, Jimmy Carter, Egyptian President Anwar Saddat, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. They all worked out an agreement where Israel would give up all Egyptian captured land that they won in the Six-Day War. Later, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was assassinated at a military parade by Egyptian-Arab extremists. Overall, the Israeli Palestinian conflict has been around for about 100 years and is one of the longest modern conflicts